What is the cytomegalovirus, symptoms and treatment

  Fact-checking   Autentic   DMCA   Report

Cytomegalovirus, also known as CMV, is a virus of the same herpes family that can cause symptoms such as fever, malaise and abdominal swelling.

As with herpes, this virus is present in most people but it only causes symptoms when the immune system is depressed, as in embarassed women, people with HIV or in patients who are undergoing cancer treatment, for example.

During embarazo, this virus is detected through prenatal exams, but it is generally harmless and does not cause changes in the baby, especially if the woman was infected before becoming embarrassed. However, when the woman is infected during the embarazo, the virus can cause some problems such as microcephaly and disorder in the baby.

main symptoms

Because the cytomegalovirus infection generally does not cause symptoms, it is common for a person to only discover that they are infected when a specific blood test for the virus is carried out.

However, some symptoms that can arise when the immune system is reduced are:

  • Fever above 38ºC;
  • Extreme tiredness;
  • Belly swelling;
  • Sore belly;
  • General malaise;
  • Liver inflammation;
  • spontaneous abortion;
  • In people with HIV/AIDS, there may be retinal infection, blindness, encephalitis, pneumonia and ulcers in the intestine and esophagus.

Due to the risk of causing malformations in the baby, all the embarassed women must carry out the exam to detect the virus, so the symptoms are not present, in order to start the treatment to prevent the virus from affecting the baby.

how to diagnose

The diagnosis of cytomegalovirus infection is carried out by means of a specific blood analysis, which shows if there are antibodies against the virus.

When the test result shows the CMV IgM reactive result, it indicates that the infection by the virus is still initial, but if the result is CMV IgG reactive, it means that the virus is present for longer in the organism, remaining for life , that’s how it happens with the herpes virus.

However, if the result is CMV IgM reactive, the embarazada should start treatment with antivirals or immunoglobulins, to avoid transmitting the virus to the baby. Learn more about cytomegalovirus infection in the embarazo.

What causes cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus infection is caused by a virus from the same family as herpes, which is transmitted by contact with bodily secretions, such as saliva, by intimate contact with an infected person, or by sharing contaminated objects, such as vases, coverings or towels.

The virus can also be transmitted through blood or mother to child transfusions, when the woman becomes infected during embarazo, and it can also occur after an organ or bone marrow transplant.

how to prevent it

To avoid contagion by cytomegalovirus, it is important to wash your hands, especially before and after going to the bathroom and changing the baby’s pañal, for example, in addition to washing the food when cooking.

In addition, it is important to use condoms during sexual relations and avoid sharing personal objects with other people.

How is the treatment performed?

Treatment for cytomegalovirus infection can be carried out with antiviral drugs, such as Ganciclovir and Foscarnet, for example, without embargo, it has a high toxicity for blood cells and kidneys, not recommended by the doctor, only in special situations como en el embarazo or when the infection is very advanced, for example.

Therefore, the treatment that is usually recommended is the use of analgesics, such as Paracetamol, to relieve symptoms such as headache and fever. This treatment is normally carried out at home for 14 days, and the person must keep rest and increase the consumption of water, to help the body to eliminate the virus.

main complications

The complications of cytomegalovirus occur mainly in children who are infected by the virus during embarassment and include:

  • (Microcephaly) Abnormally small head;
  • Delay in development;
  • Chorioretinitis and blindness;
  • Cerebral palsy;
  • Defects in the training of patients;
  • Paralysis of some parts of the body, mainly in the legs;
  • Sorder.

In the case of adults, the complications arise when the infection manages to develop, they can occur in people who have a depressed immune system, as in the case of diseases such as AIDS and lupus, for example, it can cause blindness and loss of the movements of the legs.

Verified by RJ9823 – Public Utility – cc2.0

Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

Tua Saude Website – REF93782 – Verified

Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

  Fact-checking   Autentic   DMCA   Report

Show More


Support Independent Journalism. Replicates and elaborates knowledge and matters of public utility. Non-profit. Please, help us. > Donate

Related Articles

Back to top button

Adblock Detected.

Please disable your AdBlock in order to access free content.