10 causes of acne and how to treat

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Acne can be caused by the age, by not removing the makeup, eating certain types of food or by the use of very greasy products for the skin, for example. Acne is a disease that causes obstruction of the fatty glands in the skin, causing inflammation and the emergence of eruptions, better known as spines.

In general, the emergence of spines is caused by the union of several factors, which lead to excess production of skin oil, bacterial accumulation, hormonal irregularity and the tendency of the skin to become inflamed and the accumulation of dead cells and tissues .

Therefore, to avoid the emergence of grains, it is important to keep the skin clean, use products that remove excess oil and dead cells, in addition to having a healthy diet, which reduces inflammation of the skin by giving priority to food consumption rich in omega-3, such as salmon and sardines, as well as fiber consumption.

Acne can appear on the face, back and arms, and is caused by:

1. Age

During adolescence, especially between 12 and 18 years of age, it is more common for spines to form, and during this period there is an increase in the production of androgenic hormones by the body such as testosterone, which stimulates the production of oiliness

However, the spines can appear in any age, in the unusual situation, it appears in women after 30 years, late acne call, which can be caused by changes in the amount of tallow or keratin produced in the skin or by a greater accumulation of bacteria, for example.

how to treat: it is necessary to consult with a dermatologist to evaluate the type of skin and the prescription of medications such as lotions or creams that can improve skin health and reduce the production of spines.

2. Not cleaning the skin properly

When the skin is not properly cleaned, the pores can become clogged because the grease accumulates in them, facilitating the formation of black spots and the development of spines.

how to treat: the face should be washed at least 2 times a day, before getting up and especially when sleeping, to eliminate excess skin cancer during the day. The skin is very acceptable and can be washed up to 3 to 4 times a day. Preferably, specific products should be used for the type of skin, oriented after the evaluation of the dermatologist.

3. Don’t get rid of makeup

Make-up must be removed as soon as possible, as the accumulation in the skin also causes clogging of the pores and facilitates the formation of black spots and spines, especially for low-quality products that are made from oil.

how to treat: for those who have a tendency to acne, it is recommended to use specific makeup for greasy skins, water-based, however, it is ideal to try to leave the skin more natural, in addition to always removing all the makeup with makeup remover when arriving at home.

4. Use very greasy products on the skin

The use of sunscreen or very greasy moisturizing creams, not ideal for each type of skin, favors and increases the formation of black spots and grains.

how to treat: one should always try to choose specific products for the type of skin, and that are called “non-comedogenic”, and that reduce the tendency to clog the skin pores.

5. Foods that cause spines

Consuming skin inflammatory foods such as milk, sweets, carbohydrates and fried foods, as they can increase the chances of developing acne, as they alter hormonal production and stimulate skin inflammation and acne formation.

how to treat: avoid a diet rich in carbohydrates, fats and prefer to focus on a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, vegetables, omega-3 and water, as they have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

6. Have a hormonal illness

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease that increases the production of androgens, which are male hormones that act to increase the production of fat by the skin, which can cause acne production.

how to treat: the treatment for this syndrome can be done with the use of contraceptives or other abilities to regulate hormones.

7. Reaction to medications

Certain medications can cause skin inflammation reactions with acne formation as a side effect, and a common example is the use of corticosteroids and anti-inflammatories.

how to treat: when it is possible, you should talk to a doctor to see the possibility of changing the medication, without embargo, it is possible to adopt measures to reduce acne during the use of the medication, how to use cleaning lotions or creams that reduce acne formation like retinoic acid, for example.

8. Sun in excess

Excessive exposure to the sun can cause spines to form, as UV radiation can accelerate inflammation and the production of fat in the skin, which facilitates the production of acne.

how to treat: avoid exposing yourself to the sun too long, and the ideal is to prefer the times of lower incidence of UV radiation, such as before 10 am or after 4 pm. In addition to protecting yourself with the appropriate sunscreen.

9. Genetic predisposition

Having genetics favors one of the main factors for the formation of acne, especially in those who have spines in excess or very large, as these people have a greater tendency to have immune reactions and form inflammatory lesions on the skin. See what types of acne exist and what to do.

how to treat: the treatment is based on topical products prescribed by the dermatologist, and in more serious cases such as acne grade II or IV, it may be necessary to use pills such as antibiotics or isotretinoin.

10. Embarrassment

Being embarrassed can cause the appearance of spines, which occurs only in some women due to the increase in progesterone, which increases skin oil.

how to treat: it is advisable to choose to wash the skin with neutral or gentle soap 2 times a day and apply a tonic lotion always after washing and drying the face. Treatment with pills, acids or cosmetic procedures should be avoided during this period.

The spines can be both external and internal, and this is because the obstruction of the sebaceous gland does not find an outlet outside the skin, remaining trapped inside a cyst, which can be very painful, however, the treatment is the same .

Usually, acne does not cause health risks, unless it has excessive inflammation and develops a serious infection. However, if the excess of spines is not treated, it can cause scars, spots on the face and on the body that can negatively affect the person emotionally, increasing the risk that the person suffers from depression.

How to avoid spinillas

To avoid the appearance of spines, you should take some precautions, such as:

  • Avoid sweets and fried foods, in addition to alcoholic and carbonated drinks, as they make digestion difficult and damage the skin;
  • Have a diet rich in omega 3, zinc and antioxidants such as salmon, sunflower seeds, fruits and vegetables because they are rich in important substances that help reduce skin inflammation;
  • Clean the skin with cosmetic products suitable for the greasy skin from time to time, during the morning and at night, considering that the jabones with acetylsalicylic acid are a good option;
  • Put an oil free sunscreen on your face before putting on your makeup, even though you have some protection factor, to protect your skin against the harmful effects of the sun;
  • Gently exfoliate the skin once a week to remove dead cells.

You can see more information about foods to avoid or prevent spiny worms in the video below:

How is the treatment performed?

When acne cannot be avoided, treatment should preferably be carried out with the use of topical products such as skin cleansing lotions or creams that prevent the formation of lesions such as retinoic acid, salicylic acid, adapalene or benzoyl peroxide, prescribed by a dermatologist, and can be purchased or prepared in pharmacies.

Other options, more commonly used in resistant or more severe acne, are the use of antibiotics such as Tetracycline or Erythromycin, or, as a last resort, the use of Isotretinoin, known as Roacután, as it has a more potent effect on training control of spines. It is important that these medicines are only used under the guidance of the dermatologist, due to the risk of secondary effects.

To avoid the use of medication, there are also radiofrequency techniques, phototherapy with special lights, laser and pulsed light that are very useful to reduce and reduce inflammation in the region that presents acne. See 4 home remedies to treat spinillas.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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