How to stop menstrual bleeding: medications, surgery and nutrition
The treatment of menstrual hemorrhage, scientifically called menorrhagia, must be indicated by the gynecologist to help with the cause, use of oral contraceptives, IUD and supplementation of blood and folic acid. However, in more serious cases, a blood transfusion or surgery may be necessary to treat the cause.
Menstrual bleeding is a situation that is characterized by excessive bleeding for more than 7 days and it can be due to hormonal changes or in the uterus, infections in the bladder or in the uterus, for example. It is important to diagnose the cause of menstrual bleeding so that the proper treatment is indicated by the gynecologist.
1. Medicines for menstrual bleeding
The medications that the gynecologist can recommend for the control of menorrhagia can be:
- Oral contraceptives or the use of an intrauterine device (IUD) – intrauterine device, to regulate menstruation and decrease blood flow. Contraceptives can be changed after 3 months of use and if the menstrual flow does not stop;
- Hierro and folic acid supplements, to guarantee the daily requirement of hierro in the organism, to prevent or fight the anemia;
- Hemostatics such as aminocaproic acid, which favors the clotting process, preventing excessive bleeding.
It is important that the woman consults the gynecologist on a regular basis to evaluate whether the pharmacological treatment is effective. In this way, during the consultations, a blood analysis can be requested, mainly a blood count, in order to evaluate the concentration of erythrocytes, platelets and hemoglobin.
In addition, the doctor may request imaging tests, such as ultrasound, to identify the cause of menstrual bleeding.
2. Medical treatment
If the drugs are not enough to stop the heavy menstruation, the gynecologist may recommend a curettage, intrauterine Foley tube, ligation or embolization of the uterine arteries, according to the cause of the hemorrhage.
However, if the cause is not diagnosed and excessive and prolonged menstruation remains, it is important to increase care with food to avoid the development of anemia. and frijol, for example.
Surgery is usually indicated if it is confirmed that changes in the uterus are responsible for menstrual bleeding. In this way, the surgery to remove the uterus, also called hysterectomy, can be indicated in women who cannot stop menstrual bleeding even by following all the medical indications, and who do not want to be embarrassed, so this should be considered as the last option of treatment. treatment. Find out more about how hysterectomy is performed.
4. Food care
Food is fundamental in the treatment of menstrual bleeding, as it promotes a greater feeling of well being and prevents complications, including anemia, for example.
That is why it is important that during the treatment the person drinks plenty of fluids during the day so that he does not dehydrate. The yoke of pure orange and without sugar is particularly indicated and can be taken 3 to 4 times a day, as it contains minerals that can help to keep the blood pressure under control, avoiding the sensation of sea or fainting.
In addition, it is recommended to increase the consumption of foods rich in food such as red meats, fried beans and ham to fight anemia or prevent it from appearing. The foods that contain the hierro must be consumed daily, if it is possible in all the foods, to avoid that the hierro levels decrease drastically in the blood. Find out which ones are rich in foods.
Signs of improvement and empowerment
The signs of improvement of menorrhagia are the decrease in the amount of blood lost by the vagina, menstruation without clots and the absence or decrease in the severity of anemia. These signs can appear after 1 to 3 months of having started the treatment.
However, if the hemorrhage is not treated according to the orientation of the gynecologist, signs and symptoms of worsening may arise, such as more intense hemorrhage, manifestation of clots and worsening of anemia. In addition, the woman can observe herself very pale, without strength and having difficulty concentrating. When presenting these symptoms, the doctor can request a blood count to verify the number of hierro in the body, and evaluate the possibility of an internment in the hospital.
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