10 Symptoms of early/premature menopause (contest online)

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Early menopause, also known as premature menopause, occurs when the ovaries begin to speak before the usual age. Menopause normal in women only occurs after 45 years, however, when it starts and occurs before this age it is said that it is premature.

In general, early menopause occurs mainly in women with mothers or sisters who have gone through the same problem, however, there are other factors in addition to genetic ones, such as ovarian insufficiency, where the ovaries can suddenly start working, for example.

Asimism, the presence of an illness where I had to extirpate the ovaries or the uterus, or the performance of treatments for cancer, such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy, can cause a decrease in the production of sexual hormones, estrogen and progesterone, causing typical symptoms of menopause, such as heat waves and vaginal resequedad.

main symptoms

It is important to keep an eye out for certain signs and symptoms, which, if they appear before 45 years of age, may indicate that you are experiencing early menopause, these are: insomnia, vaginal dryness, mood swings, decreased libido, menstruation irregular, weight gain, osteoporosis, lack of energy and depression.

Despite the fact that they are the mists of menopause, it is common to experience greater intensity due to the sudden interruption in the production of sexual hormones. Asimism, women who suffer from early menopause have to deal with a strong emotional impact, especially if they thought they were mothers.

In cases of early menopause, select the signs and symptoms presented below:

How is the diagnosis performed?

The diagnosis of early menopause must be performed by a gynecologist, and is usually performed when there is no menstruation or when it is irregular. The doctor indicates the performance of blood tests that allow measuring the amount of hormones such as FSH, estradiol and prolactin, also can indicate the performance of an embarrassment condition considering the possibility of a pregnancy or a genetic condition.

When there are no associated symptoms, premature aging of the ovaries is generally diagnosed only when the woman is trying to stop embarassed and presents difficulties, or when she performs hormonal treatments to evaluate her fertility.

In addition to this, the premature aging of the ovaries can cause other problems in addition to the decrease in the number of eggs, such as an increase in the possibilities of abortion, poor quality of the eggs that decrease the greater probability of genetic diseases, greater risk of developing diseases heart or bone diseases such as osteoporosis, and a greater tendency to suffer from depression or anxiety problems.

Causes of early menopause

Early aging of the ovaries can cause early menopause, and it can be caused by factors such as:

  • genetic alterations on the X chromosome that can be diagnosed through a genetic test;
  • Mother or Abuela with antecedents of early menopause;
  • autoimmune diseases;
  • enzyme deficiencies, like galactosemia, which is a genetic disease caused by the lack of the galactose enzyme;
  • Chemotherapy and exaggerated exposure to radiation as it occurs in radiotherapyor certain toxins such as cigarette smoke or pesticides;
  • Some infectious diseases such as paperas, Shigella infection and malaria, can also rarely cause early menopause.

Furthermore, the extraction of ovaries through surgery in cases of ovarian tumor, pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis, can also cause early menopause in women, since without having ovaries, estrogen cannot be produced.

How is the treatment performed?

Hormonal replacement is the treatment of choice in cases of early menopause, and if it occurs through the use of estrogen-based drugs, which is a hormone responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle and preventing complications such as osteoporosis and heart disease , which are more frequent in women with early menopause. See what hormone replacement therapy consists of.

In addition, it is important to regularly practice physical activity and have a balanced diet, avoiding the consumption of sweets, fats and processed products such as tocineta, sausage and frozen food to avoid gaining excessive weight, and increasing the consumption of whole foods, semillas and soy products in the diet, which help with hormonal regulation.

Find out with more details on how to eat and how to alleviate the symptoms of menopause in the video below:

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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