6 symptoms of sexually transmitted infections [en mujeres]
Sexually Transmitted Infections (ITS), previously known as sexually transmitted infections (ETS) and also called venereal infections, are infections caused by microorganisms transmitted during intimate contact, which is why condom use should be avoided. These infections cause very uncomfortable symptoms in the woman such as burning, vaginal secretion, bad odor or the appearance of heridas in the intimate region.
When observing any of these symptoms, the woman should consult the gynecologist for a detailed clinical observation, which can indicate the presence of infections such as Trichomoniasis, Chlamydia or Gonorrhoea, or request exams. After intimate contact without protection, the infection may take some time to manifest, which can be around 5 to 30 days, which varies according to each microorganism. To learn more about each type of infection, see all about STIs.
After identifying the causal agent, the doctor will confirm the diagnosis and guide the treatment, which can be carried out with antibiotics or antifungals, depending on the illness itself. Furthermore, it is important to know that sometimes the symptoms mentioned in this article are directly related to STIs, which could be an infection caused by the alteration of the vaginal flora, as is the case of candidiasis, for example.
Some of the main symptoms that can arise in a woman with an ITS are:
1. Burning or comezón in the vagina
The sensation of burning, irritation or pain in the vagina can arise both due to irritation in the skin due to the infection and due to the formation of heridases, and can be accompanied by swelling in the intimate region. These symptoms can be constant, worse while urinating or during intimate contact.
Causes: some STIs responsible for this symptom are Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, HPV, Trichomoniasis or Genital Herpes, for example.
However, these symptoms indicate an STI, which can be caused by situations such as allergies or dermatitis, for example, therefore, whenever these symptoms appear, it is important to consult the gynecologist to carry out a clinical examination and exams that can confirm the cause. Haga nuestra prueba online that helps to indicate the cause of vaginal itching and what to do.
2. Vaginal flow
The vaginal secretion of STIs has a yellowish, greenish or brown color, is generally associated with other symptoms such as bad odor, burning or reddening. It should not be confused with the physiological vaginal flow, which is common in all women, this secretion is clear and odorless, and it appears up to 1 week before menstruation.
Causes: the STIs that cause flujo are Trichomoniasis, Bacterial Vaginosis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea or Candidiasis.
Each type of infection can present a flux with its own characteristics, being yellow-verdoso in the case of Trichomoniasis, or brown in the case of Gonorrea, for example. Know the meaning of the color of the vaginal flow and how to treat it.
Furthermore, it is important to remember that candidiasis, despite being sexually transmitted, is an infection that is more associated with changes in the vaginal pH and the bacterial flora of women, especially when it appears frequently, which is why it is You should talk to your gynecologist about it to avoid recurrent infections.
3. Pain during intimate contact
Pain during intimate contact can indicate an infection, as STIs can cause heritable or inflammation in the vaginal mucosa. Although there are other causes for this symptom, it may arise from changes in the intimate region, which is why it is recommended to seek medical attention as soon as possible. When it is because of an infection, this symptom can be accompanied by flujo and bad odor.
Causes: some possible causes are the lesions caused by Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Candidiasis, and the heridases that can cause Syphilis, Genital Herpes, Chancro blando or Donovanosis, for example.
In addition to infection, other possible causes of pain during intimate contact are lack of lubrication, hormonal changes or vaginismus.
4. Bad smell
The bad odor in the vaginal region may arise during infections, and it is also associated with an intimate hygiene bag.
Causes: the STIs that can cause bad odor suelen be caused by bacteria as occurs in the case of bacterial Vaginosis, caused by it Gardnerella vaginalis u other bacteria. This infection causes a characteristic odor to rotten fish.
Know more about what is, risks and how to treat bacterial vaginosis.
5. Inherited in the genital organ
Heridases, ulcers or genital warts are also characteristic of certain ITS, which can be visible in the vulva region or can be hidden in the internal part of the vagina or uterine cuello. These lesions always cause symptoms, they can worsen with time, and in some cases it can even increase the risk of cervical cancer, which is why periodic evaluation with a gynecologist is recommended to detect this change early.
Causes: The genital ulcers suelen be caused by Syphilis, Genital Herpes, Chancro blando, Donovanosis or inguinal granuloma. In this case, genital warts are generally caused by the HPV virus.
6. Dolor de vientre
Vientre pain can also indicate the presence of an STI, as the infection can spread to the vagina and the uterus inside the uterus, the tubes and the ovaries, causing endometritis or pelvic inflammatory disease.
Causes: This symptom can be caused by infections such as Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Mycoplasma, Trichomoniasis, Genital Herpes, Bacterial Vaginosis or Bacterial infections that can affect the region.
Learn more about pelvic inflammatory disease and risks for women’s health.
Other types of symptoms
It is important to remember that there are other STIs such as HIV infection, which does not cause symptoms at the genital level, its symptoms are varied and more similar to those of a flu such as fever, general malaise and headache. Another illness is hepatitis, which causes symptoms such as fever, malaise, tiredness, abdominal pain, joint pain and skin eruptions.
As these infections can evolve silently, until they reach serious conditions that can put at risk the life of the individual, it is important that the woman attends the gynecologist regularly and that periodic screenings of this type of infections are carried out, especially if there are different sexual relationships. intimate contact without protection.
It should be remembered that the main way to avoid sexually transmitted infections is to use condoms, and that other contraceptive methods do not protect against these infections. In addition to the male condom, there is also the female condom, which also provides good protection against STIs. See how to use the female condom.
how to treat
In the presence of symptoms that indicate the existence of an STI, it is very important to consult the gynecologist to carry out a clinical examination or exams such as Pap smears, to confirm if it is an infection and indicate the most appropriate treatment.
Although most ITS can be cured, the treatment involves the use of drugs such as antibiotics, antifungals and antivirals in ointments, pills or injections, depending on the type of microorganism causing the infection, in some cases, such as HIV, the hepatitis, and the HPV, the cure is not always possible.
In addition to this, in many cases, the partner or the partner must also carry out the treatment to prevent it from being contaminated. Find out how to identify the symptoms of ITS in the person.
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