Orinar a lot (polyuria): main causes and what to do
Excess urine production, scientifically known as polyuria, occurs when more than 3 liters of urine are excreted in 24 hours, this should not be confused with frequent urination in normal areas, also known as pollakiuria.
Generally, the excess of urine is not a cause for concern, it is only due to the excessive consumption of water, which needs to be eliminated from the body, but it can also indicate health problems, such as diabetes or kidney failure, specifically if it occurs for no apparent reason or for several days.
Therefore, the ideal is that whenever changes occur in the urinary tract or in the cant of this condition, consult a nephrologist or a doctor to identify the cause and initiate the appropriate treatment.
1. Excessive water consumption
This is the most common and less serious cause of excess urine and it happens because the body needs to keep the levels of fluid well balanced within the tissues of the body to avoid swelling and facilitate the work of important organs, such as the brain or lungs .
Likewise, when you drink a lot of water, there is a need to eliminate this excess by means of the urine, resulting in polyuria, es decir, in the elimination of more than 3 liters of urine per day. The amount of liquids can be influenced when you drink a lot of coffee, have refreshments during the day, for example.
What to do: If the water pipe is very clear or transparent, it is possible to reduce the amount of water consumed during the day. Generally, the drain should be of a light yellow color, which indicates that the amount of water ingested is adequate.
2. Diabetes mellitus
the diabetes mellitus This is another of the most common causes of the increase in the quantity of urine, this usually happens because the body needs to quickly reduce the quantity of sugar in blood and, to achieve this, it filters the sugar through the kidneys, eliminating it through the urine.
Although it is more frequent that this symptom originates in people who do not know that they are suffering from the illness, it can also happen when the diagnosis is made, but the treatment is not adequate, presenting uncontrolled glucose levels. Know other symptoms that could indicate the presence of diabetes.
what to do: when there is a suspicion of having diabetes, you should consult a doctor or an endocrinologist to carry out tests that help to confirm the illness. The diet must be adapted and, if necessary, start the use of medicines indicated by the doctor. See which are the most used exams to diagnose diabetes.
3. Diabetes insipidus
the diabetes insipidus it is an alteration in the kidneys that, although it has a similar name, is not related to diabetes mellitus; es decir, it is not caused by the excess of sugar in blood, but by a hormonal alteration that causes the kidney to eliminate water in excess through the orina.
Other very common symptoms are the presence of excessive thirst, because most of the water is being removed from the body. Some causes that can cause diabetes insipidus They include brain trauma, autoimmune diseases, infections or even tumors.
What to do: The best thing is to consult an endocrinologist to confirm the diagnosis and start the most appropriate treatment, which can be carried out with a low salt diet and with the use of some medications indicated by the doctor.
4. Changes in the liver
When the liver is not working properly, one of the symptoms that can arise is an excess in the cant of orinar, as well as the frequent desire to urinate. This occurs because the liver cannot properly filter the blood and, for this reason, the kidneys have to work more to try to compensate for the function. In addition to the excess of orina, it is possible that the color of the same changes, becoming darker.
What to do: You should be aware of other signs that can indicate problems in the liver, such as feeling of indigestion, pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, yellow skin and even weight loss. If this happens, you should consult a hepatologist or gastroenterologist to identify the problem and start the most appropriate treatment. Some tés that can help in the health of the liver include the té of boldo, artichoke or milk thistle, for example. Know some symptoms that could indicate problems in the liver.
5. Use of diuretics
The main function of diuretic drugs, such as furosemide or spironolactone, is to eliminate excess fluid in the body. Therefore, if you are taking one of these medications, it is normal to excrete a greater quantity of urine during the day.
Generally, these drugs are prescribed by the doctor to treat symptoms related to heart problems or, even, heart disease; These should not be used without medical advice, especially in thinning processes, as they can cause the loss of important minerals. Know more about diuretics.
What to do: In case you are taking a diuretic as a medical indication and if you have a lot of orinar pain, you should talk to your doctor to evaluate the possibility of reducing the dose or changing the medication. If you are taking it without guidance, you should stop using it and consult a doctor.
There is no health problem, the embarrassment is another cause of the common flow of water in excess. This occurs because, during this phase of a woman’s life, there are several changes at the hormonal level that cause an increase in the amount of blood and the functioning of the kidneys. In this way, it is common for the embarassed woman to go beyond normal.
Furthermore, it is normal for the uterus to grow and pressure on the bladder, which causes a woman to urinate more often during the day, can cause the bladder to dilate to accumulate too much urine.
What to do: urinating a lot during embarazo is completely normal, however, to try to reduce the amount of urine, the embarassed woman can avoid certain drinks that stimulate the process of formation of urine, such as coffee and te, giving preference to water, for example.
7. Excess calcium in the blood
Excess of calcium in the blood, also known as hypercalcemia, occurs especially in people with hyperparathyroidism, and is characterized by the presence of calcium levels in the blood above 10.5 mg/dL. In addition to causing a significant increase in the quantity of urine, hypercalcemia can also present other signs such as: drowsiness, excessive tiredness, nausea and frequent headache.
What to do: If there is a suspicion of excess calcium in the blood, you should consult a general practitioner and carry out a blood test. If the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor usually prescribes diuretic drugs to try to quickly eliminate high levels of calcium in the blood.
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