Neutrophilia (high neutrophils): what are the main causes and what to do
The neutrophilia corresponds to the increase in the number of neutrophils in the blood, which I could indicate infection and inflammatory diseases or being only a response of the organism to stress or the practice of physical activities, for example.
The neutrophils are the blood cells responsible for the defense of the organism and can be found in larger cities in comparison with the lymphocytes and the monocytes, for example, which are also responsible for the protection of the organism. The ideal is that the values of neutrophils are between 1500 to 8000/mm³ of blood, and if these are found above it is indicative of neutrophilia.
The quantity of neutrophils can be evaluated through the leukogram, which is a part of the hematology in which neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils and eosinophils are evaluated. Find out how to understand the leukogram result.
The main causes of neutrophilia are:
Due to the fact that neutrophils are responsible for body defense, it is common to observe an increase in the number of neutrophils during an infection, especially during the acute phase of the disease. The increase in the number of neutrophils does not cause symptoms, however, when neutrophilia occurs as a result of infection, symptoms related to the illness are common, such as fever that does not go away, abdominal pain, headache, tiredness and weakness, for example.
What to do: In order to determine the most appropriate treatment for the infection, the doctor needs to evaluate the result of other parameters indicated in hematology, as well as the result of biochemical, urinary and microbiological exams. From the moment that the cause of the infection is identified, the doctor can indicate the best antibiotic, antiparasitic or antimycotic agent to treat the infectious agent, in addition to being able to prescribe medication to alleviate the related symptoms and, in this way, to favor it. recovery of the person.
2. Inflammatory diseases
Inflammatory diseases are those that cause an exacerbation of the activity of the immune system as a result of inflammation in some organ. This causes an increase in neutrophils in the soil, as well as other blood components, such as basophils in the case of ulcerative colitis, for example.
What to do: In these cases, treatment is carried out according to the cause of inflammation, and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs may be indicated to relieve symptoms and a diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as azafrán, el ajo and el pescado, for example. Discover some anti-inflammatory foods.
Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood cells and in which, in certain cases, an increase in the number of neutrophils can be determined. In this illness, signs and symptoms can arise that can be confused with those of other illnesses, such as weight loss with no apparent cause, excessive tiredness and inflamed lymph nodes in the skin and in the English language. Know how to recognize the symptoms of leukemia.
What to do: It is important that the leukemia is confirmed by the doctor by means of the evaluation of all the parameters of the hematology and of the observation of the blood slide under the microscope, in addition to being able to request a biopsy, computerized tomography or myelogram, for example.
In the event that leukemia is confirmed, the hematologist or oncologist will have to initiate the most suitable treatment for the person according to the type of leukemia, and chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy or bone marrow transplantation may be recommended.
Despite not being frequent, neutrophilia can also occur as a result of stress, which could be an attempt by the body to maintain a good functioning of the immune system in these situations.
What to do: To alleviate the symptoms related to stress, it is important to adopt activities that promote relaxation, such as yoga, walking and meditation, on a daily basis. Likewise, it may be important to seek the help of a psychologist so that you can identify situations that increase the level of stress and, in this way, deal with them better.
5. Practice of physical activities
The neutrophilia due to the practice of extensive physical activities is considered normal and not a cause for concern. However, when the neutrophilia is persistent, it is important that the person attends a consultation with a general physician or hematologist so that the cause of the alteration can be investigated.
What to do: as it is a physiological process, no type of treatment is necessary, it is only recommended that the person remains at rest so that muscle recovery can be produced correctly and, in addition, maintain good eating habits.
Know what to do to avoid muscle fatigue.
What is relative neutrophilia?
The relative neutrophilia indicates the increase in the relative quantity of neutrophils in the blood, es decir, that the quantity of neutrophils in the blood in relation to 100%, that the quantity of total leukocytes in the blood, is increased. In general, the relative values of neutrophils considered normal are between 45.5 and 75%, taking as a reference the quantity of total circulating leukocytes.
Normally, when the values of absolute neutrophils are increased, it is possible to observe an increase in the relative values. However, in other situations there may be relative neutrophilia and, in this case, it is important that the doctor evaluates the hemogram and the total number of leukocytes, being able to indicate the repetition of the exam in some cases.
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