Sueño disorders are changes in the ability to sleep properly, can be caused by cerebral alterations, deregulation between sueño and vigil, respiratory alterations or movement disorders, and some common examples of insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, sleepwalking or syndrome from restless legs.
There are dozens of upheavals of the sueño that can arise in any age, and are more frequent in children or old people. Whenever they exist, these disorders must be treated, but when they persist they can seriously affect the health of the body and the mind.
In the event that symptoms of sueño disorders arise, the most suitable professional to diagnose and treat the cause is the specialist doctor for the sueño; however, other professionals such as the general practitioner, family doctor, geriatrician, psychiatrist or neurologist can also assess the causes and recommend the correct treatment in most cases.
Treatments for disorders of the person depend on the cause, and changes in nighttime habits, psychotherapy or medication are indicated, including the use of natural products, such as melatonin, which must be prescribed by a doctor.
Insomnia is the most frequent disorder of the sweat, and it can be characterized by difficulty in reconciling and maintaining the sweat, waking up during the night, waking up early or even being identified by feelings of tiredness during the day.
It can arise only as a result of stress or an illness, such as depression, hormonal changes or neurological diseases, for example, caused by certain substances or medications such as alcohol, caffeine, ginseng, tobacco, diuretics or some antidepressants.
Asimism, in many cases, and insomnia is simply caused by the existence of inappropriate habits, which affect the ability to sleep, such as not having a routine to sleep, being in a very bright or noisy environment, eating a lot or drinking drinks energy per night.
What to do: the treatment of insomnia consists of improving the hygiene of the person through habits that favor the good quality of the person, which can be carried out through psychotherapy sessions with cognitive-behavioral techniques or relaxation techniques, for example. In addition, the doctor may recommend the use of medications such as benzodiacepins, antidepressants or antihistamines for a short period of time.
2. Swine apnea
Also called obstructive apnea syndrome, OSAS, is a breathing disorder in which an interruption of the respiratory flow occurs, due to the collapse of the airways for 10 seconds or more, being more common that it originates in men between 40 and 50 years of age and in obese people, who consume alcohol and/or have changes in the nose, mouth or jaw.
This illness causes alterations in the person, generating an inability to reach deeper stages, and makes adequate rest difficult. In this way, people with sleep apnea are sleepy during the day, which causes complications such as headache, loss of concentration, irritability, changes in memory and high blood pressure.
What to do: The treatment is carried out with the use of adaptable oxygen masks, CPAP calls, as well as changes in habits such as losing weight and avoiding smoking. In certain situations, surgery may be indicated to correct the narrowing or obstruction of the air in the airways, caused by deformities, or the placement of implants.
See how to identify and treat sueño apnea.
3. Excessive sleepiness during the day
Excessive daytime sleepiness is difficult to stay awake and alert during the day, having an excess of sweat that makes it difficult to perform daily activities and can even expose the person to risks while driving cars or handling equipment.
It may be caused by situations that deprive the existence of an adequate sleep, such as having little time to sleep, having interrupted several times or waking up too early; In addition, it can also occur due to the use of certain medications that cause illness or diseases such as anemia, hypothyroidism, epilepsy or depression, for example.
What to do: the treatment is indicated by the doctor according to the cause of the problem, and consists especially in improving the heat of the sueño during the night. The siestas programmed during the day can be useful in some situations and, in cases strictly indicated by the doctor, the use of stimulant medications may be recommended.
Sleepwalking is part of a class of disorders that cause inappropriate behavior during sleep, called parasomnias, in which there is an alteration of the sleep’s boss due to the activation of brain areas at inappropriate times. It can also appear at any age, it is more frequent in children.
The person with sleepwalking manifests complex motor activities, such as walking or talking, and can then wake up or go back to sleep normally. Generally speaking, there is little anyone remembering what happened.
What to do: in the majority of cases there is no need for treatment, and the situation can decrease from adolescence onwards. On certain occasions, the doctor could prescribe antianxiety drugs or antidepressants to help regulate the sweating.
5. Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome is a neurological disorder that causes a feeling of discomfort in the legs, generally associated with the uncontrollable need to move them, and it occurs during rest or bedtime.
It has a probable genetic cause, and it can worsen due to periods of stress, due to the use of stimulant substances, such as caffeine or alcohol, or in cases of neurological and psychiatric illnesses. This syndrome disturbs the sueño, being able to provoke drowsiness during the day and fatigue.
What to do: the treatment involves measures to reduce the discomfort and improve the quality of life of the individual, including avoiding the use of stimulant substances, such as alcohol, cigarettes and caffeine, practicing physical exercises and avoiding depriving the patient, and that fatigue while the body is. The doctor may recommend drugs such as dopaminergics, opioids, anticonvulsants or hierro reposition in specific cases.
Find out more about what is and how to treat restless legs syndrome.
Bruxism is a movement disorder characterized by the unconscious act of involuntarily squeezing and squeezing teeth, causing unpleasant complications such as dental alterations, constant headaches, in addition to chafing and jaw pain.
This disorder is more common in children, however, it can also manifest itself in adult life, and can occur both during the day and at night, being more frequent at bedtime.
What to do: The treatment of bruxism is guided by a dentist, and includes the use of a device fitted on the teeth to prevent wear, corrections of dental alterations, methods of relaxation and physiotherapy.
Get more guidance on what to do to control bruxism.
Narcolepsy is a chronic disorder of the sweat that is characterized by sudden attacks of sweat, which causes the person to sleep in any place, at any time of the day, making daily activities difficult. The attacks can appear one or several times a day, and they last for a few minutes.
What to do: narcolepsy does not cure, however, the doctor may recommend the use of stimulant or antidepressant medication, apart from changes in life habits, such as healthy eating, avoiding alcoholic beverages and taking siestas during the day.
Learn more about how to identify and treat narcolepsy.
8. Swine paralysis
Sueño paralysis is characterized by the inability to move or speak immediately after awakening the sueno. It appears for a brief period due to a delay in the ability to move the muscles after waking up. During an episode of sueño’s paralysis, the person remains conscious until he can recover little by little strength and muscle control.
The people with the greatest risk of developing this phenomenon are those who have irregular sweating habits, jet lag, stress, anxiety and, in some cases, psychiatric illnesses.
What to do: by the general, the paralysis of the sueño does not require treatment, since it is a benign alteration that lasts a few seconds or minutes. When you feel paralysis in your body, you have to keep calm and try to move your muscles. In more severe cases, the doctor may recommend the use of tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
Know all about the sueño paralysis.
Watch the following video which are the advisers you should follow to sleep better:
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