Hypermetropia: what is it, symptoms and treatment
Hypermetropia is difficult to see objects around and it occurs when the eyeball is more short than normal or when the cornea (front of the eye) does not have sufficient capacity, so that the image is formed after the retina.
Generally, hypermetropia is present from birth, since the main cause of this condition is hereditary; However, this can appear in different degrees, being able to go unnoticed in childhood, which can cause difficulties in learning. For this reason, it is important that the child is subjected to con-frequent eye exams.
Hypermetropia is usually treated with the use of glasses or lenses; however, depending on the degree, the ophthalmologist may indicate the performance of a laser surgery to correct the cornea, known as LASIK surgery.
The signs and symptoms of hyperopia are progressive, es decir, and evolve over time. The first sign of hyperopia is difficult to focus closely, however, in case the treatment indicated by the doctor is not carried out, it is possible that there is also difficulty in focusing on more distant objects, in addition to other symptoms, such as:
- Blurred vision of nearby objects, mainly, and distant ones;
- Fatigue and pain in the eyes;
- Dolores de Cabeza, especially after reading;
- Concentration difficulty;
- Sensation of heaviness around the eyes;
- I tear up or redden the eyes.
As a child, hypermetropia can be associated with strabismus, which must be closely monitored by an ophthalmologist to prevent vision impairment, learning delay and poor visual function at the brain level. See how to identify the most common vision problems.
how to diagnose
The diagnosis of hypermetropia is carried out by the ophthalmologist based on the evaluation of the signs and symptoms referred to by the person and through the performance of an ophthalmologic examination.
The hypermetropia is hereditary, es decir, is transmitted from priests to children; However, this condition can manifest itself due to a malformation of the eye, alterations in the cornea or in the lens, or can be a consequence of illnesses, such as diabetes and tumors, and even due to the use of medications.
How is the treatment performed?
The treatment for hypermetropia is carried out with the use of glasses or contact lenses to place the image correctly on the retina.
However, depending on the difficulty that the person present to see, the doctor may recommend performing a surgery for hyperopia, known as LASIK surgery, which can be carried out after 21 years, using a laser to modify the cornea that will have that the image focuses correctly on the retina.
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